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Amendement du contrat des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage, Annexe A

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Date d'ouverture : 7 janvier 2019 Date de clôture : 18 février 2019
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : Division des domaines mondiaux
Catégories/Étiquettes : Contrat des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage, Contrat ICANN/PTI
Bref aperçu : La présente consultation publique cherche à obtenir des retours de la communauté par rapport à l'amendement proposé pour le contrat des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage conclu entre l'ICANN et l'entité Identificateurs techniques publics (PTI). S'il est approuvé, l'amendement permettra au Comité permanent de clients (CSC) et à la PTI/ICANN de modifier les conventions de service (SLA) des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage sans qu'il soit nécessaire d'amender le contrat à chaque fois que de tels changements s'avèrent nécessaires. À la place, un processus de modification de SLA sera mis en œuvre pour apporter des modifications aux SLA de manière opportune, en consultation avec les clients des fonctions IANA relatives au nommage et l'ensemble de la communauté de l'ICANN, le cas échéant.
Lien : https://www.icann.org/public-comments/iana-naming-amend-2019-01-07-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."