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通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据临时规范快速政策制定流程 (EPDP) 团队的《初步报告》现已发布

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评议开放日期: 2018 年 11 月 21 日 截止日期: 2018 年 12 月 21 日
发起组织: GNSO
类别/标签:
  • 签约方协议
  • 政策制定
  • 隐私性
  • 顶级域
简介:

通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册数据临时规范快速政策制定流程 (EPDP) 团队的《初步报告》现已公开发布以征询公众意见。EPDP 团队的任务包括:对 gTLD 注册数据临时规范(简称"Temp Spec")进行评估,并确定这项规范是否在不做改动的情况下能够成为一项 ICANN 的共识性政策,或是仍旧需要改动,才能确保该规范符合《通用数据保护条例 (GDPR)》和其他隐私性和数据保护相关法律和规章的规定。

EPDP 团队将在世界协调时 11 月 29 日星期四 14:00 时召开一轮网络研讨会。这节网络研讨会将对这份《初步报告》进行基本介绍,并告知公众如何提交评论。如果您有意参加这节网络研讨会,请发送电子邮件至:gnso-secs@icann.org

链接: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/epdp-gtld-registration-data-specs-initial-2018-11-21-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."