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评议开放日期: 2018 年 5 月 14 日 截止日期: 2018 年 7 月 31 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/改进、问责制和透明度审核、注册目录服务审核
简介: 本轮公共评议期中提出的拟定短期方案涉及当前审核工作,旨在解决社群志愿者的工作量问题和应对 ICANN 资源所受到的影响。特别地,本轮公共评议期旨在针对是否需要针对两轮特定审核调整时间,以及如何调整时间一题征询反馈意见,从而缓和志愿者和 ICANN 资源所面临的工作压力。短期方案中涉及的两轮审核为:问责制和透明度第 3 轮审核 (ATRT3) 和注册目录服务第 2 轮审核 (RDS-WHOIS2)。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."