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评议开放日期: 2017 年 11 月 27 日 截止日期: 2018 年 1 月 8 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/改进;顶级域

竞争、消费者信任和选择 (CCT) 审核小组已于 2017 年 3 月发布报告草案和建议,以征询公众意见。该小组现针对这份报告草案的新章节征询公众意见。新章节尝试反映《通用顶级域 (gTLD) 中域名系统 (DNS) 滥用的统计数据分析 (Statistical Analysis of DNS Abuse in gTLDs)》报告中的结论(请参见此处获取更多详情),从而解决商标持有人所碰到的新 gTLD 项目成本问题。这些结论是基于国际商标协会 (International Trademark Association, INTA) 所发布的一份调查结论(请参见此处[PDF, 1.4 MB]获取更多详情)。

此外,CCT 审核小组还针对有关停用和消费者选择一题相关章节的修订内容征询社群反馈。

CCT 审核小组有意在 2018 年第一季度发布其最终报告。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."