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ICANN 历史项目正式发布

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洛杉矶——2017 年 5 月 4 日——ICANN 很高兴地宣布 "ICANN 历史项目" 现已正式发布。本项目采访了该组织自设立以来时至今日,在组织架构上起到关键作用的几位重要人物,为 ICANN 保留了一份珍贵的记忆。

请点击以下链接查看本项目:www.icann.org/history。在这里,您将找到以下人物采访:伊拉·马加齐纳 (Ira Magaziner),克林顿总统高级政策顾问;拉里·斯特科林 (Larry Strickling),美国商务部 (U.S. Department of Commerce) 传播和信息副部长兼国家电信和信息管理局 (National Telecommunications and Information Agency,NTIA) 局长; 温特·瑟夫 (Vint Cerf), "互联网之父之一" ;史蒂夫·克罗克 (Steve Crocker),ICANN 董事会主席;以及 ICANN 发展史中多位重要人物。

我们现按照不同主题向您呈现 ICANN 历史项目,使您能够深入了解您最感兴趣的话题。本项目首个关注主题是 ICANN 与美国政府之间的关系,涉及美国政府在 ICANN 的设立和发展、直至互联网号码分配机构 (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, IANA) 管理权移交的过程中所扮演的角色。

如果您希望在这个项目下分享您的经验,我们鼓励您与 ICANN 分享您的回忆。请将您的博客、视频或照片的链接通过推特 (Twitter) #ICANNHistory 发送给我们。

若您存有任何问题,请发送电子邮件至:history@icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."