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ICANN 2018 财年运营规划和预算草案及五年运营规划更新

评议开放日期: 2017 年 3 月 8 日 截止日期: 2017 年 4 月 28 日
发起组织: ICANN
类别/标签: 运营/财务
简介: 为履行 ICANN 对多利益相关方模型所作的承诺,现发布 ICANN 2018 财年运营规划和预算草案以及相应的五年运营规划更新,供社群讨论和提出公众意见。ICANN 希望收到针对这两份链接文档中所描述规划的结构化反馈。这些文档中纳入了前几年基于与 ICANN 社群的定期互动得出的改进内容,并体现了 2017 财年计划在五年战略规划方面取得的成就,该五年战略规划于 2014 年 10 月 获得董事会的批准。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."