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Version préliminaire du plan opérationnel et budget de l'exercice fiscal 2018 de l'ICANN et mise à jour du plan opérationnel quinquennal

Date d’ouverture : 8 mars 2017 Date de clôture : 28 avril 2017
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : ICANN
Catégories/Étiquettes : Opérations / Finances
Bref aperçu : Dans le cadre de son engagement en faveur du modèle multipartite, l'ICANN publie pour consultation publique son plan opérationnel et son budget pour l'année fiscale 2018, ainsi que son plan quinquennal actualisé. L'ICANN cherche à connaître l'avis de la communauté sur le plan décrit dans ces deux documents complémentaires. Ces documents intègrent des améliorations par rapport aux années précédentes, basées sur les échanges réguliers avec la communauté de l'ICANN, et reflètent les réalisations de l'année fiscale 2017 vis-à-vis du plan stratégique quinquennal qui a été adopté par le Conseil d’administration en octobre 2014.
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."