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Borrador del Plan Operativo y Presupuesto de la ICANN para FY18 y actualización del Plan Operativo Quinquenal

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Fecha de apertura: 8 de marzo de 2017 Fecha de cierre: 28 de abril de 2017
Organización de origen: ICANN
Categorías/Etiquetas: Operaciones/Finanzas
Breve descripción general: Sobre la base del compromiso de la ICANN (Corporación para la Asignación de Nombres y Números en Internet) para con el modelo de múltiples partes interesadas, se ofrece un Borrador del Plan Operativo y Presupuesto de la ICANN para el año fiscal 2018 (FY18), así como una actualización asociada al Plan Operativo Quinquenal para discusión de la comunidad y presentación de comentarios públicos. La ICANN busca una retroalimentación estructurada sobre el plan descripto en estos dos documentos con enlace. Estos documentos incorporan mejoras respecto a años anteriores sobre la base de la interacción periódica con la comunidad de la ICANN, y reflejan los logros previstos del FY17 hacia el Plan Estratégico Quinquenal, que fue aprobado por la Junta Directiva en octubre de 2014.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."