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详尽 WHOIS 注册数据目录服务要求即将生效

洛杉矶——2017 年 2 月 1 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 于今天宣布所有 ICANN 通用顶级域 (gTLD) 签约方必须升级其注册数据目录服务,以遵守《详尽 WHOIS 转型政策》(针对".COM"、".NET"和".JOBS"和 《注册管理机构注册数据目录服务标签和显示一致性政策》的要求。

这些政策要求所有 gTLD 注册数据达到详尽的要求,确保 WHOIS 的输出标签和显示的一致性。目前提供简略 WHOIS 服务的 gTLD 注册管理运行机构——包括:".COM"、".NET"和".JOBS"的运行机构——必须要在 2018 年 5 月 1 日前对所有新域名注册提交详尽 WHOIS 信息。且这些注册管理机构还需在 2019 年 2 月 1 日前将所有现有域名的必要数据转型为详尽 WHOIS 服务。《详尽 WHOIS 转型政策》则要求".COM"、".NET"和".JOBS"进行这类调整。此外,注册管理机构和注册服务机构则需要在 2017 年 8 月 1 日前按照《注册管理机构注册数据目录服务标签和显示一致性政策》推行指定的数据规格。ICANN 现已通知所有签约方履行新的义务。

背景:

ICANN 与认证注册服务机构和 gTLD 注册管理运行机构签署的协议中要求各方遵守各种具体流程和"共识性政策"。共识性政策是在符合 ICANN《章程》的情况下,通过自下而上的多利益相关方政策制定流程编制而成的。ICANN 董事会于 2014 年 2 月 7 日通过了 通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 针对要求所有 gTLD 注册管理机构均需使用详尽 WHOIS 一题提出的政策建议。该建议指出:"详尽 WHOIS 服务的条款(《2013 注册服务机构认证协议 (RAA)》规范 3 中确定的标签和显示一致性规范)应适用于所有现有和未来的通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册管理机构。"

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ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。ICANN 及其社群致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."