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针对从减弱型向增强型 WHOIS 过渡计划启动公共评议期

洛杉矶——2016 年 10 月 26 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 于今日发布 [PDF, 66 KB]了一份执行“增强型 WHOIS”的政策建议的拟定计划。本计划要求目前提供减弱型 WHOIS 服务的通用顶级域 (gTLD)——例如:.COM、.NET 和 .JOBS——转为使用增强型 WHOIS 服务。评论提交截止时间为世界协调时 2016 年 12 月 15 日 23:59 时。

针对计划提交评论

通用名称支持组织 (GNSO) 的政策建议指出:

“增强型 WHOIS 服务的条款(《2013 注册服务机构认证协议 (RAA)》规范 3 中确定的一致性标签和显示格式规范)应适用于所有现有和未来的通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册管理机构。”ICANN 及一个由社群构成的实施审核小组现已确定一致性标签和显示问题和增强型 WHOIS 问题应当分开处理。《注册目管理机构注册数据目录服务一致性标签和显示政策》修订版已于 2016 年 10 月 21 日正式发布以征询公众意见。

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ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。ICANN 及其社群致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."