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网络研讨会:WHOIS 准确度报告体系第 2 阶段第 2 周期报告

2016 年 6 月 8 日,ICANN 现发布 WHOIS 准确度报告体系 (ARS) 第 2 阶段第 2 周期报告。ICANN 将于世界协调时 2016 年 6 月 16 日召开互动式网络研讨会,审核研究结果及其对社群所带来的影响。

第 2 周期报告是第 2 阶段第 1 周期报告的跟踪报告,后者已于 2015 年 12 月发布。在第 2 周期内,ICANN 对新通用顶级域中的 WHOIS 记录样本的句法(格式)和可操作性(例如:电子邮件是否有效?或电话是否能够拨通?)的整体准确性进行了衡量。其结论包括基于对以下内容的比较:

  • 注册服务机构认证协议(《2009 RAA》和《2013 RAA》)
  • 顶级域类型(例如:新通用顶级域或“传统”通用顶级域)
  • 第 1 周期至第 2 周期间数据的趋势走向
  • 准确度的区域差异,包括两套新版的次级分析:各个地区出现错误的理由、以及语言文字类型和准确度的对比

2012 年的 WHOIS 审核团队提出要加强对 WHOIS 项目的监督的建议,鉴于此,ICANN 启动了 WHOIS 准确度报告体系。ICANN 承诺要积极识别潜在的通用顶级域 WHOIS 错误联系数据,并将潜在错误记录发送给通用顶级域注册服务机构,供其调查和跟踪。准确度报告体系对违规问题提供了信息(基于可适用的《注册服务机构认证协议》)。ICANN 合规团队则使用这类信息对可能出现错误记录的注册服务机构进行跟踪。


网络研讨会详情和参与方式

日期 / 时间:世界协调时 2016 年 6 月 16 日 14:30 - 15:30 时

如需查看本次研讨会召开时您所在地区的当地时间,请使用时区转换器

通过网络参会:https://icann.adobeconnect.com/gdd

通过电话参会:查看电话号码 [PDF, 143 KB] (密码: GDD)

本次网络研讨会将以英文召开。会议录音将在 WHOIS 网站的知识中心页面发布:http://whois.icann.org/en/knowledge-center


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."