Skip to main content

ICANN 暂停授权 .AFRICA,等待 2016 年 4 月 4 日联邦法院听证会结果

受理 DotConnectAfrica Trust (DCA) 与 ICANN 之间事务的法院批准了 DCA 寻求发布紧急命令(也称为临时禁令或 TRO)的请求。

根据这份由洛杉矶美国联邦地区法院发布的命令,在 2016 年 4 月 4 日听证会的裁决出来之前,ICANN 不得"签发".AFRICA 顶级域。

DCA 已请求法院禁止 ICANN 在 DCA 诉讼得到完整解决之前授权 .AFRICA。为达到该目的,DCA 请求法院发布一份紧急命令,在短时间内禁止 ICANN 继续授权,直至法院能够充分评估在诉讼未决期间暂停授权 .AFRICA 是否恰当。

目前,DCA 已经向法院呈递了书面证据,而 ICANN 也将于 2016 年 3 月 14 日呈递书面证据。双方将于 2016 年 4 月 4 日在法院展开口头辩论,之后,法院将裁决 ICANN 是否可以继续授权(即使诉讼仍在继续)。

在这份临时禁令中,法院并未就 DCA 声称的"法律依据"作出裁定,而是具体规定了"无可弥补的损害”的标准。在裁定暂时保持现状时,法院考虑到,由于只有一个 .AFRICA,如果 ICANN 将其授权给其他实体,那么即使 DCA 赢得诉讼,也无法再使用该 TLD。到目前为止,ICANN 尚未获得机会向法院呈递证据说明此时授权是恰当的。预计接下来几个星期,ICANN 将有机会这么做。

More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."