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新 gTLD 项目 2016 年 1 月 27 日拍卖结果揭晓

2016 年 1 月 27 日,ICANN 授权拍卖服务提供商 Power Auctions LLC 公司举办了一场拍卖会,以解决以下新通用顶级域 (gTLD) 的字符串争用集问题:.SHOP。该争用集最初被视为".SHOP"和".SHOPPING"两个字符串的间接争用集。由于".SHOPPING"的多位申请人自行解决了争用问题,并消除了".SHOP"和".SHOPPING"之间的联系。因此,余下的争用集仅涉及字符串".SHOP"的直接争用集。字符串的申请人无法私下解决争用集归属问题;鉴于此,该争用集归属问题将按照《新通用顶级域申请人指导手册》模块 4 中的规定,最终采取拍卖形式确定。在支付了拍卖成交费用并满足了所有合格标准后,拍卖流程的赢家将准备与 ICANN 签署《注册管理机构协议》,以启动对相应 gTLD 的运营。

共有七名申请人满足全部必要条件,并参加了".SHOP"的拍卖会。".SHOP"的申请人 GMO Registry, Inc. 公司最终以 41,501,000 美元的出价获胜。

拍卖会中所获的资金将另行储备,直至 ICANN 董事会在与社群协商后确定该项资金的恰当用途。


  • 字符争用集状态:目前,233 个字符争用集中已有 212 个的归属问题得到了解决。大部分争用集的归属问题都是通过私下方式得到解决的,但有 15 个争用集的归属是通过拍卖方式解决的(最终解决方案)。
  • 拍卖结果页面:新 gTLD 微主页下的拍卖报告页面提供每次拍卖结果的其他信息。
  • 拍卖收入和成本:截至 2016 年 1 月前举行的所有拍卖会中所获的资金和成本详细小结。本信息在每次拍卖后 7 日内公开发布。
  • 拍卖时间表 [PDF, 264 KB]:2016 年 1 月 27 日更新。
  • 新 gTLD 项目拍卖基本信息。


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 是成立于 1998 年的一家非营利性公益型企业,其社群中的参与人遍布世界各地。ICANN 及其社群帮助维持互联网的安全、稳定和互用性。该组织还负责制定互联网顶级域系统的政策,提高该系统的竞争水平,并促进其他互联网唯一标识符的使用。如需了解更多信息,请参见:

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."