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美国法院对扣押ccTLD的申请判定无效: 联邦法官支持ICANN的意见

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美国联邦法院支持互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)的意见,确定国家和 地区代码顶级域名(ccTLD)并非财产,不得被扣押。

本案原告曾递交《扣押令》申请从ICANN获取伊朗(.IR)、叙利亚(.SY)和北朝 鲜(.KP)的国家和地区代码顶级域名,(以及伊朗和叙利亚的非ASCII字符国际化 顶级域名),从而执行原告从美国法院获得的针对这些国家的判决。

ICANN向法院申请判定《扣押令》无效,并指出ICANN是域名系统(DNS)的技术协 调人,并辩称ccTLD不应被扣押。

ICANN总法律顾问兼秘书长约翰·杰弗里(John Jeffrey)指出:"我们非常欣慰 地看到法院判决支持了我们的立场,即ccTLD并非财产,不应被扣押。""本法院 判决显示了法院从技术上理解了域名系统,以及ccTLD在这个全球统一互用的互联 网中所扮演的角色。"

如需阅读美国联邦地区法院的判决原文,请点击此处: https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/order-memo-granting-motion-to-quash-writs-10nov14-en.pdf [PDF, 346 KB]

如需阅读ICANN提交的法律文件,请点击此处: https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/icann-various-2014-07-30-en

如需阅读《扣押令》原文,请点击此处: https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B_dOI5puxRA9M3hweE9Eel9mVTQ/edit?pli=1


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."