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后续流程相似度审核专家组(EPSRP)对бг IDN ccTLD申请展开的第二次字符串相似度审核报告现已发布

根据《IDN ccTLD快速通道最终实施规划》 [PDF, 879 KB],ICANN针对бг的国际化域名国家和地区代码顶级域名(IDN ccTLD)的第二次字符串相似度审核发布了一份报告(A-标签:xn--90ae;Unicode码点:U+0431 U+0433);该字符串由保加利亚交通、信息技术和传播部采用西里尔文提交申请。本报告中展示了IDN ccTLD快速通道流程后续流程相似度审核专家组(EPSRP)的独立审核结果。

国际化域名(IDN)国家和地区代码顶级域名(ccTLD)快速通道流程简介

IDN ccTLD快速通道流程于2009年11月16日正式启动。自那以后,合格的国家和地区可以通过本流程申请相应的IDN ccTLD。

经过充分公共协商后,ccNSO理事会于2013年4月通过了[PDF, 118 KB]《IDN ccNSO政策制定流程最终报告》[PDF, 376 KB]。本报告同时考虑了IDN ccTLD快速通道流程的经验和审核,以及政府咨询委员会就这一事务所提的建议

2013年6月27日,ICANN董事会批准通过了一份针对《IDN ccTLD快速通道流程最终实施规划》的修订案。该修订案针对IDN ccTLD快速通道流程中的字符串相似度审核启动了双专家组审核流程,并遵守国家和地区代码名称支持组织(ccNSO)的IDN政策制定流程结论。ICANN董事会还于2013年6月27日通过决议,确定所有未决和将来的IDN ccTLD快速通道申请人均可请求后续流程相似度审核专家组(EPSRP)对其申请进行评估。

2013年11月5日,ICANN发布了《IDN ccTLD快速通道流程最终实施规划》修订版 [PDF, 879 KB],指明了ICANN董事会通过的字符串相似度审核流程双专家组审核实施过程中的必要调整内容,包括按照《后续流程相似度审核专家组指南》[PDF, 86 KB]进行EPSRP第二次审核。根据《IDN ccTLD快速通道流程最终实施规划》最新版本的第4.3节和上述《指南》,ICANN需要在获得EPSRP审核结果后一(1)周内对其公开发布。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."