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论坛公告: 公众评议期开放日 日期: 2014年4月9日
  • 规划
  • 战略规划
  • 战略
  • 运营规划和预算
目的(摘要): 现诚邀各位就ICANN五年战略规划(2016财年至2020财年)草案 [PDF, 224 KB] 踊跃发表意见,评议期截止至2014年5月。在经历了一场丰富而激烈的公共战略讨论后,基于所获的社群建议,本战略规划草案提出了一个新的愿景,强调了ICANN的现有使命,并描述了五大关注领域的战略宗旨与目标。每个目标均配有五年期间内拟定的战略成果、风险、衡量标准和实施阶段。ICANN现就关注领域目标的拟定可衡量成果征询大家的意见和建议。您的宝贵意见将帮助我们制定《ICANN五年战略规划》终稿。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."