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Bulk Transfer of Domain Names from Asadal, Inc. to Gabia, Inc.

ICANN has authorized the bulk transfer of gTLD domain names from Asadal, Inc. to Gabia, Inc. due to compliance actions taken by ICANN that resulted in the de-accreditation of Asadal, Inc.

The affected gTLD registries have processed the bulk transfers. Former registrant-customers of Asadal, Inc. should receive notices from Gabia, Inc. advising of the transfer. Customer questions about the transfer should be directed to Gabia, Inc. (for contact details see or visit their website directly here: Additional information about these bulk transfers is provided below.


Q. Why were these transfers authorized by ICANN?

A. The Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) of Asadal, Inc. was terminated, effective 1 March 2014.

As a result, Asadal, Inc. is no longer permitted to register or manage gTLD registrations. ICANN authorized bulk transfers pursuant to the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy to ensure that the registrant-customers of this registrar would not be harmed by their registrar's discontinued ability to manage the registrations.

Q. How was the gaining registrar selected?

A. ICANN followed its De-Accredited Registrar Transition Procedure (see [PDF, 129 KB]) to identify a gaining registrar for the gTLD names formerly managed by the de-accredited registrar. Through this process, Gabia, Inc. was identified.

Q. Will Gabia, Inc. attempt to contact the affected registrants? What should customers of this de-accredited registrar do now?

A. Former customers of Asadal, Inc. should receive a notice of the transfer and instructions for continued management of their names from Gabia, Inc. Affected customers who do not receive notices from Gabia, Inc. should contact Gabia, Inc. by using the contact information provided at see

Q. Do registrants have to pay a fee for the bulk transfer?

A. No, there is no cost to registrants for the bulk transfer. Unlike a normal inter-registrar transfer, the registration terms will not be extended by a year. Accordingly, it is important to contact Gabia, Inc. if your registration will expire soon in order to maintain your registration.

Q. What if affected registrants want to select a different registrar?

A. Registrants will continue to be able to transfer their registrations to other registrars under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (see Note that Gabia, Inc. may deny transfers for the first 60 days following the bulk transfer, at its discretion. This 60-day period is permissible under the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy and is intended to help protect registrants. The registrant may need to renew names that will expire during the first 60 days following the transfer to Gabia, Inc. by using the details provided above.

Q. How will Asadal, Inc. customers know if a message purportedly from Gabia, Inc. is legitimate?

A. The message from Gabia, Inc. should direct you to its website or refer you to other contact information provided above. For general advice about avoiding phishing email messages, you may also wish to refer to the materials prepared by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (see

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."