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ICANN Appoints Additional URS Provider

Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre (ADNDRC) and ICANN have signed a Memorandum of Understanding establishing ADNDRC as a Uniform Rapid Suspension System (URS) provider. ADNDRC is well known to the Internet community as an established Uniform Domain Name Dipute Resolution Policy (UDRP) provider, with offices in Beijing, HongKong, Seoul and Kuala Lumpur. It has a proven track record of administering UDRP cases since its appointment as a UDRP provider in 2001.

As previously announced, ICANN appointed The National Arbitration Forum (FORUM) as a URS Provider and expects to appoint one or more additional providers in the near future. The appointment process is similar to that of appointing UDRP providers in which consideration is given to achieving competitive provisioning and geographical spread of providers.

About URS

The URS is a rights protection mechanism in ICANN's New gTLDs Program that facilitates rapid suspension of domain names in clear-cut cases of trademark infringement. It is intended to complement the existing UDRP by offering a lower-cost, faster path to resolution.

Learn more about Uniform Rapid Suspension


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."