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ICANN 任命首家 URS 提供商


美国国家仲裁论坛(下称"论坛")确认了 ICANN 的首次任命,负责管理统一快速暂停系统 (URS)。该论坛提交了一份出色的提案,展示了其如何满足 RFI [PDF, 112 KB] 中提出的所有要求,并详细说明了实施方法。该公司取得的业绩有据可查,宣称自己在管理 UDRP 案例的 12 年多以来解决的申诉超过 19,000 起。此外,论坛还开发了一个专门针对 TLD 的快速救济系统,目前正在使用这一系统。

ICANN 衷心感谢对 RFI 做出回应的所有人士。该论坛将成为多个负责管理 URS 服务的指定提供商之一。在考虑要遵守提供商的竞争规定以及地理范围的情况下,该流程将与指定 UDRP 提供商的流程类似。

URS 是新 gTLD 的权利保护机制,有助于在明确的商标侵权案例中快速暂停域名。其目的是通过提供更加便宜、快速的解决途径,对现行的统一域名争议解决政策 (UDRP) 提供补充。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."