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At-Large White Paper on Future Challenges Entitled Making ICANN Relevant, Responsive and Respected

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 20 November 2012
Categories/Tags:
  • Internet Governance
  • Participation
Purpose (Brief):

The At-Large White Paper on "Making ICANN Relevant, Responsive and Respected" (R3 White Paper) seeks to address the questions that are now being raised about whether the present ecosystem of Internet governance, including ICANN, is able to adapt to recent changes in the ecosystem that have taken place, and more specifically, within the following four areas:

  1. The Global Public interest;
  2. The Multi-Stakeholder System – A Choice for the Future
  3. Global Governance; and
  4. Institutional and Practical Cooperation.

The document suggests a number of recommendations on how the challenges within these areas might be addressed.

The purpose of this public comment period is to obtain feedback and collect broader community input into the further development of this White Paper.

Public Comment Box Link: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/at-large-r3-white-paper-20nov12-en.htm

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."