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ICANN's Board Chair Inducted into Internet Hall of Fame

ICANN Board Chair Dr. Stephen Crocker

Photo by Richard Stonehouse

ICANN Board Chair Dr. Stephen Crocker is among the inaugural inductees into the Internet Hall of Fame.

The inductees were announced 23 April at the Internet Society's Global INET 2012 conference in Geneva, Switzerland. Internet pioneers and luminaries from around the world attended a gala in honor of the inductees.

"We are delighted by this honor that the Internet Society has bestowed upon Steve," said Rod Beckstrom, ICANN's President and Chief Executive Officer. "In no small way he and the other Internet Hall of Fame Inductees forever changed the world in which we live."

Crocker was named to the Internet Society's Pioneer Circle, which recognizes those who were instrumental in the early design and development of the Internet.

The other inductees in the Pioneer Circle include: Vint Cerf, former ICANN Board Chair, often called the "father of the Internet," Jon Postel, considered ICANN's patron saint, John Klensin, an active ICANN participant, along with, Danny Cohen, Donald Davies, Elizabeth Feinler, Charles Herzfeld, Robert Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Louis Pouzin, and Lawrence Roberts.

Internet Society President and CEO Lynn St. Amour told the attendees, "We all benefit from their outstanding contributions to a global Internet, making it one of the greatest catalysts of economic and societal development of all time."

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."