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Rapport provisoire des principales parties intéressées

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Annonce Forum: Période de commentaire ouvert le Date: 3 février 2012
Catégories/Étiquette:
  • Domaines de premier niveau
  • Processus de développement des politiques
  • Responsabilité et transparence
Objectif (Brief):

Le rapport provisoire reflète le consensus des membres du groupe de travail sur les questions et les recommandations permettant d’interpréter la politique actuelle et les lignes directrices concernant l'obtention et la documentation du soutien pour les demandes de délégation et de re-délégation des principales parties intéressées. 

Le rapport provisoire présente des recommandations spécifiques réalisées sur la base d’une analyse approfondie des questions concernées et toute la documentation se rapportant au soutien pour la délégation et la re-délégation des demandes de ccTLD impliquant les « parties intéressées ». 

Commentaires Publics Lien boîte: http://www.icann.org/en/public-comment/foiwg-interim-report-2012-03feb12-en.htm

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."