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Preliminary Issue Report on the Current State of the UDRP

Comment Period Deadlines (*) Important Information Links
Public Comment Box
Open Date: 27 May 2011 To Submit Your Comments (Forum Closed)
Close Date: 15 July 2011 [Extended to 22 July 2011] Time (UTC): 23:59 View Comments Submitted
Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose

ICANN Staff is seeking comments on its Preliminary Issue Report on the Current State of the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy [PDF, 2.25 MB]. Specifically, this Report addresses:

  • How the UDRP has addressed the problem of cybersquatting to date and any insufficiencies or inequalities associated with the process.
  • Whether the definition of cybersquatting inherent within the existing UDRP language needs to be reviewed or updated.

The Preliminary Issue Report informs the GNSO Council of the current state of the UDRP in advance of the Council’s vote on whether to commence a Policy Development Process (PDP) on this important policy.

This Public Comment solicitation represents an opportunity for the ICANN community to provide its views on the current state of the UDRP and on whether a Policy Development Process should be initiated to review the UDRP. This Preliminary Issue Report will be updated to reflect community feedback submitted through this forum. A Final Issue Report will then be presented to the GNSO Council for its consideration.

Section II: Background
Created in 1999, the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) has successfully offered parties a less expensive alternative to costly litigation for resolving disputes involving domain name cybersquatting. The UDRP has not been formally reviewed by the GNSO Council since its inception.
Section III: Document and Resource Links
Section IV: Additional Information
Staff Contact: Margie Milam Email:

(*) Comments submitted after the posted Close Date/Time are not guaranteed to be considered in any final summary, analysis, reporting, or decision-making that takes place once this period lapses.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."