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The Proposed Final New gTLD Applicant Guidebook is Available for Public Comment

Guidebook and Public Comment Forum

ICANN is pleased to publish the Proposed Final New gTLD Applicant Guidebook that describes the process of applying for new generic top-level domains. The Guidebook was released today along with explanatory memoranda and detailed analysis of comments received on version 4 of the Applicant Guidebook. This Proposed Final version of the Guidebook is the result of a tremendous amount of participation and thoughtful feedback from the ICANN stakeholder community. Their contribution is evidenced through the product of several working groups - bringing key issues to resolution.

During the 10 December Board Meeting in Cartagena the ICANN Board will take into account this work and comments received to make a decision regarding the timing of the launch of the New gTLD Program. The Board can approve the Guidebook or direct that changes be made.

Upon approval of the final version of the Guidebook, a four-month global communications campaign will be undertaken. The aim of this campaign is to ensure potential participants in all regions of the world are aware of program details and how to apply.

The Proposed Final Applicant Guidebook – What changed from version 4?

Module 1

Module 2

  • Updated string requirements section per anticipated RFC 1123 revisions, which addresses the use of numbers in TLDs
  • Added UNESCO list as reference for continent/region names

Module 3

  • Incorporated Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) into Legal Rights Objection
  • Eliminated the complete defense to Community Objections in favor of elevated standard for successful objection
  • Included several recommendations from the "Rec 6 Working Group" dealing with the morality and public order objection

Module 4 – no significant changes

Module 5

Other Documents to be finalized and posted soon include:

  • The Economic Analysis of program costs and benefits

We continue to incorporate work done by cross stakeholder working groups in the areas of: morality and public order objections; and recommendations suggested by the Applicant Support Working Group.

Upcoming Program Events

During the December ICANN Meeting in Cartagena, Colombia there will be several program sessions, including:

  • New gTLD Program Status Update
  • New gTLD Basics – in Spanish and English
  • Developing Economies and the New gTLD Program
  • Sessions with updates on "overarching issues" including: Economic Analysis; Trademark Protections, Mitigation of Malicious Conduct; and Root Zone Scaling

For final schedule and remote participation access information see:

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."