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Public Comment: Report of Possible Process Options for Further Consideration of the ICM Application for the .XXX sTLD

On 19 February 2010, the Independent Review Panel issued its Declaration in the Independent Review filed by ICM Registry challenging ICANN's denial of ICM's application for the .XXX sTLD.

Pursuant to ICANN's Bylaws, the Board of Directors considered the Panel's Declaration at the Board's meeting on 12 March 2010, and directed ICANN's CEO and General Counsel to finalize a report of possible process options for further consideration, and post that report for no less than 45 days of public comment. The Board's resolution on this matter is available at A full transcript of the Board Meeting is also available at

The draft report and explanatory diagrams can be found here:

The Process Going Forward:

At the end of this Public Comment period, ICANN's CEO and General Counsel will review the comments submitted and prepare a summary analysis of the various submissions, to present to the Board for consideration of the possible process options no later than ICANN's 38th International Meeting in Brussels.

Deadline and How to Submit Comments:

ICANN is opening a 45-day public comment, from 26 March through 10 May 2010, and invites community comments on the draft report.

The formal Public Comment Forum Box is located here:

To Submit Comments:

To View Comments:

Staff Responsible: John O. Jeffrey, General Counsel and Secretary, ICANN

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."