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供 ICANN 董事会审查通过的拟定《2020 财年运营规划和预算》现已公开发布

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洛杉矶——2019 年 5 月 2 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 在完成对公众意见进行的审核后,现已发布拟定《2020 财年运营规划和预算 (FY20 Operating Plan and Budget)》和《五年期运营规划 (Five-Year Operating Plan)》最新版本。这份最终拟定草案现已呈交给董事会供其在 2019 年 5 月 1 至 3 日召开的董事会工作坊会议上审核并通过。

此外,ICANN 组织和董事会财务委员会现已批准了于 2019 年 3 月 22 日发布的《公众意见员工报告 (Staff Report of Public Comments)》

根据《ICANN 章程》,董事会一旦通过了这些文件,赋权社群将有权在这些文件正式生效前进行驳回。

ICANN 董事会一旦通过这些文件,我们将另行发放公告。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."