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评议开放日期: 2018 年 9 月 05 日 截止日期: 2018 年 10 月 05 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/进步、审核时间安排、特定审核、组织审核、问责制和透明度


《审核后续工作协商文件 (Consultation Paper on Next Steps on Reviews)》 [PDF, 120 KB]是 ICANN 组织针对审核时间短期长期调整方案一题所获的公众意见加以理解后,与 ICANN 董事会组织效率委员会 (OEC) 进行协调后提出的一份提案,旨在与社群确认后续工作。考虑到本轮搜集到的意见数量有限,因此我们决定再次提供一轮协商机会,确认已经收到的回复能够代表广泛多利益相关方社群的观点,并调和回复者之间的不同意见。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."