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Advisory Concerning Changed Visa Requirements in Romania | (Applies to Attendees from Countries Without Romanian Embassies/Consulates)

ICANN has been informed by the Bucharest local host that the process in place to have visas issued at the Bucharest airport, upon arrival, for meeting attendees requiring visas but not having Romanian Embassies in their home countries, has been changed by the local authorities in Romania. The authorities now require that participants from countries for which visas are required arrive with a visa. Under the new procedures, we are advised visas will not be issued at the airport upon arrival.

This is a last-minute change that is out of ICANN's control. We are investigating whether anything can be done to allow visas to be issued upon entry for those affected by this change, but cannot predict whether our efforts will succeed. If you are affected by this change please e-mail, and be sure to provide us with information on countries you may be stopping in en route to Romania. We will update this website if and when we have additional information.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."