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ICANN 任命 MFSD 公司作为欧洲首家统一快速中止程序提供商

ICANN 今日宣布与 MFSD Srl (MFSD) 公司签署《谅解备忘录 (MoU)》,确立 MFSD 公司为一家新的《统一快速中止程序 (URS)》提供商。URS 是一项权利保护机制,能够在明显出现商标侵权时促进快速终止域名的使用。该程序旨在作为现有《统一域名争议解决政策(UDRP)》的补充,在明显出现商标侵权时提供一种低成本的快速解决方案。

MFSD 公司总部设在意大利,目前是欧洲首家 URS 提供商。MFSD 自 2001 年以来一直负责处理国家域".IT"的域名争议,拥有丰富的经验。自 2012 年以来,MFSD 还获得意大利司法部的授权,负责管理知识产权调解中心和学会的相关案例。其他 URS 提供商均设在亚洲和北美洲。

URS 提供商必须满足多项要求,包括:展示该公司理解有关全球知识产权和互联网的相关问题;理解快速发展的网络环境中的诉讼流程;熟悉争议解决程序;并能作为一家注重全球多样性、符合各种高要求的中立专家。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."