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The protocol described in Request for Comments (RFC) 6530 that enables internationalized email addresses to function within the traditional email environment. Internationalized email addresses are addresses that include Internationalized Domain Names or Unicode characters.
An accountability mechanism under the ICANN Bylaws through which ICANN's Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees are organized under California law. This mechanism provides the Empowered Community with nine powers it can use to raise concerns regarding an action or inaction taken by the ICANN Board or the ICANN organization.
The community powers and rules that govern the Empowered Community are defined in the ICANN Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws. The Empowered Community is composed of five Decisional Participants: ICANN’s three Supporting Organizations, the At-Large Advisory Committee, and the Governmental Advisory Committee.
The administrative body through which the Empowered Community acts. For example, when the community decides to bring a concern to the ICANN Board or the ICANN organization, it does so through the Empowered Community Administration. If the Empowered Community enters mediation proceedings brought under the ICANN Bylaws, the Empowered Community Administration appoints individuals to represent the Empowered Community.
The Regional At-Large Organization (RALO) that serves as the main forum and coordination point for public input to ICANN from the At-Large community in Europe. EURALO keeps the At-Large Structures (ALSes) in its community informed about significant ICANN news. It also establishes mechanisms to facilitate two-way communication between the ALSes and ICANN policymakers, so ALS members can share their views on pending issues.
In the New Generic Top-Level Domain Program (New gTLD Program), a fee due from each applicant to obtain consideration of an application for a gTLD. The evaluation fee consists of a partial deposit and payment of the full fee amount for each application submitted. A deposit allows the applicant access to the Top-Level Domain (TLD) Application System.
A request that a registry operator (RO) makes for a temporary exemption from a provision of its Registry Agreement to mitigate or eliminate a present or imminent security threat. If approved, ICANN grants a waiver of the relevant provision for the period it is expected to take the RO to respond to or eliminate the threat.
In the New Generic Top-Level Domain Program (New gTLD Program), a period in the evaluation process for a new gTLD. The Extended Evaluation period applies to applications that do not pass the Initial Evaluation but are eligible for further review. This period follows the Initial Evaluation period.