ICANN Acronyms and Terms
New Generic Top-Level Domain Program(New gTLD Program)
A program coordinated by ICANN to enable the expansion of the Domain Name System (DNS).
The final part of a domain name (e.g., .com, .net, or .org) represents a top-level domain (TLD). Under the New gTLD Program, entities can register TLDs with names such as .futbol, .istanbul, and .pizza, along with names in other alphabets (e.g., Arabic and Cyrillic) and languages (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean).
The New gTLD Program aims to enhance innovation, competition, and consumer choice. Since the program began delegating new domains in 2013, over 1,300 new gTLDs have entered the Internet's root zone.
As part of the expansion of the namespace, the New gTLD Program has introduced several Rights Protection Mechanisms to safeguard intellectual property rights in the DNS. These mechanisms include the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH), which monitors domain registrations for trademark infringements, and Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS), which enables trademark holders to resolve infringement disputes outside the court system.