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Nora Abusitta-Ouri

United States

VP, Public Responsibility Programs

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Charmayne Adams

Payroll Administrator

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Terri Agnew

United States

Secretariat Services Coordinator, GNSO & At-Large

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Yan Agranonik

Contractual Compliance Risk and Audit Manager

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Adiel Akplogan


VP Technical Engagement

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Sawsan Aldawodi

United States

Language Expert - Head Interpreter

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Ali Alkhudairi

Sr. Salesforce Administrator

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Lauren Allison

Development and Public Responsibility Program Manager

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Stephen Allison

Product Manager

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Kimberly Alston

United States

Operations Specialist III

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Carlos Alvarez

United States

Security Engagement (SSR Technical), Sr. Manager

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceGovernmentTechnology

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Eduardo Alvarez

United States

Technical Services Sr. Manager

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Pablo Alvarez

Microsoft Systems Engineer

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Steve Antonoff

Sr. Director, HR Operation Services

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Francisco Arias

Director, Technical Services

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Yaovi Atohoun

Stakeholder Engagement & Ops Mngr - Africa

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Amanda Baber

United States

IANA Request Specialist I

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Christopher Bare

United States

Manager, GDD Operations

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Connor Barthold

Information Security Engineer

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Ted Bartles

Executive Technical Producer

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Fahd Batayneh


Stakeholder Engagement Coord. - Middle East

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldTechnology

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Joshua Baulch

Meetings Technical Services Engineer

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Laura Bengford

United States

Senior Product Manager

Developing WorldTechnology

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Susanna Bennett

Chief Operating Officer

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Fabien Betremieux

Sr Registry Services & Engagement Manager

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Geoff Bickers

Director Security

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Megan Bishop

Board Support Coordinator

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Amy Bivins

United States

Registrar Policy Services Manager

DNS MarketplaceDeveloping World

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Terry Blaser

Enterprise Applications Fin Sys Sr. Manager

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John Bond

DNS Operations Manager

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Jonathan Boswell

Lead Technical Writer

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Bart Boswinkel

Sr Director, ccNSO Policy Development Support

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Mike Brennan

United States

Meetings Technical Services Specialist

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Michelle Bright

Board Support Content Manager

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Jeanette Caldera

Talent Development & Learning Specialist

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Dongmei Cao

Sr Software Engineer

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Gwen Carlson

United States

GDD Communications Director

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Tony Carpenter

Administrative Assistant

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Tiesha Carr

Accounts Payable Lead Accountant

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Kathryn Carver

VP for Governmental Engagement

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Michael Cashin

End User Support

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."