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Divya Dhingra

Sr. Salesforce Business Anaylst

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John Diep

Director Quality Assurance

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Jessie Doherty

Language Expert - Head Interpreter

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Chris Dower

United States

Systems Engineer

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Quentin Duda

United States

Sr. Salesforce Developer & Integrator

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Punky Duero

Philippines

Cryptographic Key Manager

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Kyle Dunst

Sr. Manager, IT PMO

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Alain Durand

United States

Principal Technologist

Technology

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Brandon Edwards

IT System Analyst

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Dean Edwards

United States

Sr. Product Manager

DNS MarketplaceTechnology

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Shea Edwards

Senior Administrative Lead

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Harel Efraim

Principal Software Engineer

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Samantha Eisner

Deputy General Counsel

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Teresa Elias

United States

Office of the General Counsel, Manager

Developing WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Jeannie Ellers

United States

Stakeholder Engagement Measurement & Planning Sr. Manager

Civil SocietyDNS MarketplaceDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Derek Ellison

United States

End User Support

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Amr Elsadr

Egypt

Policy Manager

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Kimberly Enger

United States

Technical Editor/Writer

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Deborah Escalera

United States

Next Generation Program Manger

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Baher Esmat

VP, Stakeholder Engagement - Middle East

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Eric Evrard

Belgium

End User Support

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Negar Farzinnia

United States

MSSI, Sr. Manager

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Amanda Fessenden

United States

Registry Services & Engagement Manager

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Sigmund Fidyke

United States

Senior Director, Enterprise Architecture

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Daniel Fink

Brazil

Stakeholder Engagement, Sr Manager - Brazil

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Cristina Flores

Sr. Manager, GDD Research & Analysis

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Sean Freeark

United States

Manager, Security Operations

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Casandra "C.C." Furey

United States

Associate General Counsel

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Alex Gaganashvili

United States

Sr. Systems DevOps Engineer

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Simon Garside

United States

VP, Security Operations

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Elise Gerich

VP, IANA & Technical Operations

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Maira Gomez

Accounts Payable Lead

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Morgan Govaars

Operations Specialist II

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Yuko Green

United States

Sr. Manager, GDD Operations

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Peter Gregoris

United States

Business Operations Analyst III

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Gisella Gruber

United Kingdom

Specialist, SO/AC Support (ALAC-At Large)

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Yvette Guigneaux

United States

Projects & Operations Assistant, MSSI

Civil SocietyDeveloping WorldGovernmentTechnology

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Nida Gumussoy

Turkey

Senior Operational Administrator

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Samiran Gupta

Head of India

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Larisa Gurnick

Sr. Director, Multistakeholder Strategy & Strategic Initiatives

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Brian Gutterman

United States

Program Manager, Registrant Services

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."