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More than 1,000 new generic top-level domains (gTLDs) have been introduced into the internet. There are nearly 50 times as many gTLDs as there were in 2013 when the first few applicants completed the New gTLD Program. This expansion is contributing to choice, competition and innovation in the domain name industry.

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News and Announcements

Register to Join Us at ICANN56 in Helsinki

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Our ICANN56 Policy Forum will take place in Helsinki, Finland from 27-30 June 2016. This meeting will focus on policy work and outreach. If you are planning to join us for ICANN56 please register by clicking the link above.

Successful NextGen applicants will participate at ICANN56

NextGen Announcement

15 individuals from various Universities in Europe will participate with ICANN Community Members at the ICANN56 Policy Forum in Helsinki. 5 additional NextGen Alumi will serve as Ambassadors for these newcomers to ICANN. Click the link above to learn more.

Interested in ICANN Policymaking?

POLICYmaking in the ICANN Community

With the ICANN56 Policy Forum in Helsinki just around the corner, we’re pleased to share our new ASO, ccNSO and GNSO policymaking infographic. Download the infographic, available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Turkish, by clicking the link above. And see you in Finland 27-30 June 2016.

Milestone Reached

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

ICANN Board Chair, Dr. Stephen D. Crocker submits to the U.S. Government a plan developed by the international Internet community that, if approved, will lead to global stewardship of some key technical Internet functions. Want to learn more? Click the link above.

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We depend on the support of many different types of groups and sub-structures: Advisory Commitees, Supporting Organizations, standingcommittees, working groups, review teams, task forces, and more.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."