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ICANN58 Wrap Up

Watch the closing interview from ICANN58 with Steven Crocker, Board Chair and Göran Marby, President and CEO. Hear about highlights and takeaways from the meeting, and expectations for the Policy Forum in Johannesburg, South Africa.

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News and Announcements

Read the ICANN58 GAC Communiqué

GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN58 in Copenhagen has issued its Copenhagen Communiqué. ICANN receives input from governments through the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC). The GAC's role is to provide advice to ICANN on issues of public policy.

ICANN Launches Key Signing Key (KSK) Testing Platform

ICANN Launches Key Signing Key (KSK) Testing Platform

ICANN has just released a publicly available KSK test bed. The platform allows network operators to verify that their infrastructure allows for automated rolling of the KSK. ICANN Chief Technology Officer David Conrad talks about the significance of this milestone.

What Is Ransomware?

Anatomy of a Crypto-Ransomware Attack

ICANN's Dave Piscitello, VP of Security and Information and Communications, explains ransomware and breaks down the anatomy of a ransomware attack as well as how to proactively defend yourself against a ransomware attack. Click the link above to learn more.

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ICANN Groups

We depend on the support of many different types of groups and sub-structures: Advisory Commitees, Supporting Organizations, standingcommittees, working groups, review teams, task forces, and more.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."