Skip to main content

Now Available

Watch the recordings from the latest Quarterly Stakeholder Update to learn more about ICANN's activities from the last quarter.

Learn more

News and Announcements

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN61 Fellowship

Thumb icann61fellows feature 01

ICANN has announced the individuals from 49 countries who were selected to participate in the ICANN61 Fellowship program in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from 10 –15 March 2018. ICANN61’s Fellows represent many sectors of the ICANN community. Click the title to learn more about them and about ICANN’s Fellowship program.

ICANN62 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

Thumb icann62 fellowship 01

The Fellowship Program application round for ICANN62 is now open. ICANN62 is a Policy Forum, so this round is open only to those who have previously completed an ICANN Fellowship. ICANN62 is from 25–28 June 2018 in Panama City, Panama. The deadline to apply is 28 December 2017. Successful candidates will be announced on 9 March 2018.

Recap on Data Protection and Privacy Activity

Thumb dataprivacy feature

ICANN’s Akram Atallah and Theresa Swinehart provide you with a recap on the dialogues that took place during ICANN60, recent developments, and what’s next in terms of the legal analysis. Click on the link above to learn more.

ICANN Publishes FY17 Annual Report

Thumb microcontent ar 2017 icannorg 492x279 2

The ICANN Board of Directors published its FY17 Annual Report. This is the first year that the Bylaws require an ICANN Annual Report that is separate from ICANN’s Audited Financial Statements. Section 22.3 of ICANN's Bylaws sets out the required topics on which the Board must report. Click the title to explore the report.

View all
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."