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The ICANN59 Policy Forum takes place at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa from 26-29 June 2017. ICANN meetings are a great opportunity to participate in Internet policymaking. Register for ICANN59 today.

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News and Announcements

Pre-ICANN59 Policy Report Now Available

Pre-ICANN59 Policy Report

The Pre-ICANN59 Policy Report provides high-level updates from the Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees. Learn what to expect at ICANN59 including background information on each SO and AC and session details. Click the link above to read the Pre-ICANN59 Policy Report.

Read the Policy Briefing ICANN59 Edition

GNSO Policy Briefing ICANN59 Edition

The GNSO Background Briefings are produced by ICANN’s Policy staff supporting the GNSO. These are drafted specifically in preparation for ICANN meetings to provide the Community with concise background information on all relevant GNSO policy efforts.

Support Diverse and Meaningful Engagement at ICANN

Gender Diversity and Participation Survey

Share your views by participating in our 10-minute gender diversity & participation survey. This survey is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish. Click on the link above to start filling out the survey. We appreciate your input!

New Empowered Community Resources

Empowered Community

ICANN launched three new resources for the Empowered Community – a primary Empowered Community landing page, an Empowered Community Administration page and a page to house correspondence related to the Empowered Community. Click the link above for more information.

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We depend on the support of many different types of groups and sub-structures: Advisory Commitees, Supporting Organizations, standingcommittees, working groups, review teams, task forces, and more.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."