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News and Announcements

Update on the Information Transparency Initiative

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Read our latest blog about the Information Transparency Initiative (ITI). ITI officially kicked off this month in Los Angeles. Learn about the content audit, ICANN taxonomy, next steps, and how you can provide feedback. Click the link above to read our update.

Data Protection/Privacy Update: Latest Developments

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Read the latest blog from Göran Marby, ICANN President and CEO, regarding the latest developments centered around data protection/privacy issues and the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Please click the link above to read the latest developments.

NextGen@ICANN Application Round Opens for ICANN62

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ICANN launches the application round for those interested in participating in ICANN62 through the NextGen program. The meeting will be held in Panama City from 25 – 28 June 2018. This round remains open until 23 February 2018. Successful candidates will be announced on the ICANN website on 6 April 2018. Click the link above for more information.

Ombudsman Annual Report Translations Now Available

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The Office of the Ombudsman Annual Report provides a consolidated analysis of the year’s complaints and resolutions as well as recommendations for steps that could minimize future complaints. The report is now available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. Click the link above to access the report.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."