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In Our Hearts

Our dear friend and colleague Dr. Tarek Kamel, ICANN Senior Advisor to the President & Senior VP, Government & IGO Engagement has passed away. He was loved and respected by everyone in ICANN and across the world. Our deepest condolences go out to his family and friends. We encourage you to post tributes and stories about Tarek in our blog.

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A Blog about Friendship

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Read ICANN President & CEO Göran Marby's blog about his friend Tarek Kamel and share your stories about Tarek in the comments section. Here's an excerpt from the blog: We have a Swedish saying for when someone you love passes away: He is missed in me. As you now know, our dear friend Tarek has passed away and he is missed in me.

Pre-ICANN66 Policy Report Now Available

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Get ready for ICANN66 with the Pre-ICANN66 Policy Report. The report provides a high-level overview of the planned work and activities of the ICANN Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees (ACs) in Montréal from 2-7 November. Click the link above to read the report.

Zoom Security Update

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Zoom recently added new settings to increase security and ensure meeting privacy. These new settings will enforce a password on all new meetings scheduled after 29 September. At the recommendation of ICANN’s internal InfoSec team, these new settings will be enabled immediately. Click above for more detail on how you may be affected.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."