Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

Review of ICANN Regions

28 November 2006

(2nd Version, reposted)

Introduction

One of the core values underlying ICANN's structure and operations is support for broad and informed participation reflecting the geographic diversity of the Internet at all levels of policy development and decision making. This support is implemented by numerous requirements for geographic diversity reflected in ICANN's bylaws, in the operating procedures of ICANN entities and in its culture. These requirements are framed in terms of Geographic Regions, as provided in Article VI, Section 5 of the bylaws:

Section 5. INTERNATIONAL REPRESENTATION

...As used in these Bylaws, each of the following is considered to be a "Geographic Region": Europe; Asia/Australia/Pacific; Latin America/Caribbean islands; Africa; and North America. The specific countries included in each Geographic Region shall be determined by the Board, and this Section shall be reviewed by the Board from time to time (but at least every three years) to determine whether any change is appropriate, taking account of the evolution of the Internet.

At its June 2003 meeting in Montreal the ICANN Board adopted resolution [03.100] that the ICANN Board reaffirms the existing definition of five geographic regions and reaffirms the existing methodology for allocating specific countries and territories to particular regions, pursuant to Article VI, Section 5, of the bylaws, and further resolved [03.101] that the ICANN board adopts the allocation table posted by the staff on 5 June 2003.

As more than three years have passed since the 2003 review was completed, the Board will review the definition of the ICANN's geographic regions and the methodology for allocating specific countries and territories to particular regions.

Current allocation methodology

In advance of the July 2000 Yokohama meeting, ICANN posted a topic paper on "Definition of ICANN's Geographic Regions" and specifically requested the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) to give its "views on the proper allocation of countries, territories, and distinct economies as recognized in international fora among the five geographic regions defined by the ICANN Bylaws."

The GAC recommended that ICANN make reference to existing international norms for regional distribution of countries. After this recommendation and comments made at the ICANN Public Forum on 15 July 2000, the Board discussed the appropriate means for allocating countries and territories to the ICANN Geographic Regions. In the discussion, the Board expressed concern about itself deciding how to allocate countries to Regions, but noted that it was necessary to do so and that it was best to refer to some independently prepared and authoritative list for this purpose. The ICANN staff proposed use of the February 2000 version of two lists prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division, and also recommended (based on GAC comment) that dependent territories be grouped together with the country of citizenship for the territory. Thus, a resident of New Caledonia (overseas territory of France located in the Pacific Ocean) would be grouped with Europe rather than Asia/Australia/Pacific.

The Board adopted the following resolution:

Whereas, Article V, Sec. 6, of the ICANN Bylaws calls upon the Board to determine a specific allocation of countries among five general geographic regions (Europe; Asia/Australia/Pacific; Latin America/Caribbean islands; Africa; North America); and

Whereas, this year's At Large membership elections will entail the selection of one Director from each of ICANN's five geographic regions; and

Whereas, the Governmental Advisory Committee, upon the ICANN staff's request for advice, recommended that "With regard to the definition of ICANN's Geographic Regions, ICANN should make reference to existing international norms for regional distribution of countries," it is

Resolved [00.64] that the staff is directed to assign countries to geographic regions on the basis of the United Nations Statistics Division's current classifications of "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations," as revised 16 February 2000, and "Composition of macro geographic (continental) regions and component geographical regions," as revised 16 February 2000.

The above methodology — employing the lists prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division and recognizing the grouping of dependencies with their mother countries — was then implemented.

In June 2003, the Board reaffirmed this methodology.

Proposal to Update Allocation

The allocation methodology adopted by the Board in July 2000 and reaffirmed in 2003, has worked without significant problems. The 2002 ICANN reforms, which emphasized the importance of ensuring geographic and other types of diversity within ICANN, make the definition of the Geographic Regions relevant not only for the membership of the Board, but also for the GNSO Council , the ALAC and the ccNSO.

At the time of the two previous reviews conducted of the ICANN Regions, the ccNSO did not exist. The ccNSO discussed the relevance of the ICANN Regions at its members meeting in Marrakesh and more recently released a background paper and questionnaire on the matter. Concerns raised by the ccNSO include disproportionate representation on the ccNSO Council and dependent territories being located in an ICANN region associated with country or citizenship, which in some cases leads to a ccTLD being in an ICANN region which is removed from its geographic location.

The United Nations Statistics Division last updated the relevant lists in June 2006. The most relevant list is "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings", which assigns countries and territories to various regions that are easily identified with the five ICANN Regions (Europe; Asia/Australia/Pacific; Latin America/Caribbean islands; Africa; and North America) established in Article VI, Section 5 of ICANN's bylaws.

Based on this list, and making adjustments to group territories with the countries of citizenship of their inhabitants, the following list of countries/territories, ISO 3166-1 codes, and ICANN regions would be as follows:

Key

AF = Africa
AP = Asia/Australia/Pacific
AQ = Antarctica
EU = Europe
LAC = Latin America/Caribbean islands
NA = North America

Alpha-2 Code

Country or Territory

Physical Region

ICANN Region

ac

Ascension Island

AF*

EU

ad

Andorra

EU

EU

ae

United Arab Emirates

AP

AP

af

Afghanistan

AP

AP

ag

Antigua and Barbuda

LAC

LAC

ai

Anguilla

LAC

EU

al

Albania

EU

EU

am

Armenia

AP

AP

ax

Åland  Island

EU

EU

an

Netherlands Antilles

LAC

EU

ao

Angola

AF

AF

aq

Antarctica

AQ*

AP

ar

Argentina

LAC

LAC

as

American Samoa

AP

NA

at

Austria

EU

EU

au

Australia

AP

AP

aw

Aruba

LAC

EU

az

Azerbaijan

AP

AP

ba

Bosnia and Herzegovina

EU

EU

bb

Barbados

LAC

LAC

bd

Bangladesh

AP

AP

be

Belgium

EU

EU

bf

Burkina Faso

AF

AF

bg

Bulgaria

EU

EU

bh

Bahrain

AP

AP

bi

Burundi

AF

AF

bj

Benin

AF

AF

bm

Bermuda

NA

EU

bn

Brunei Darussalam

AP

AP

bo

Bolivia

LAC

LAC

br

Brazil

LAC

LAC

bs

Bahamas

LAC

LAC

bt

Bhutan

AP

AP

bv

Bouvet Island

AF*

EU

bw

Botswana

AF

AF

by

Belarus

EU

EU

bz

Belize

LAC

LAC

ca

Canada

NA

NA

cc

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

AP*

AP

cd

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

AF

AF

cf

Central African Republic

AF

AF

cg

Congo

AF

AF

ch

Switzerland

EU

EU

ci

Cote d'Ivoire

AF

AF

ck

Cook Islands

AP

AP

cl

Chile

LAC

LAC

cm

Cameroon

AF

AF

cn

China

AP

AP

co

Colombia

LAC

LAC

cr

Costa Rica

LAC

LAC

cu

Cuba

LAC

LAC

cv

Cape Verde

AF

AF

cx

Christmas Island

AP*

AP

cy

Cyprus

AP

AP

cz

Czech Republic

EU

EU

de

Germany

EU

EU

dj

Djibouti

AF

AF

dk

Denmark

EU

EU

dm

Dominica

LAC

LAC

do

Dominican Republic

LAC

LAC

dz

Algeria

AF

AF

ec

Ecuador

LAC

LAC

ee

Estonia

EU

EU

eg

Egypt

AF

AF

eh

Western Sahara

AF

AF

er

Eritrea

AF

AF

es

Spain

EU

EU

et

Ethiopia

AF

AF

fi

Finland

EU

EU

fj

Fiji

AP

AP

fk

Falkland Islands (Malvinas)

LAC

EU

fm

Micronesia, Federated States of

AP

AP

fo

Faroe Islands

EU

EU

fr

France

EU

EU

ga

Gabon

AF

AF

gd

Grenada

LAC

LAC

ge

Georgia

AP

AP

gf

French Guiana

LAC

EU

gg

Guernsey

EU*

EU

gh

Ghana

AF

AF

gi

Gibraltar

EU

EU

gl

Greenland

NA

EU

gm

Gambia

AF

AF

gn

Guinea

AF

AF

gp

Guadeloupe

LAC

EU

gq

Equatorial Guinea

AF

AF

gr

Greece

EU

EU

gs

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

LAC

EU

gt

Guatemala

LAC

LAC

gu

Guam

AP

NA

gw

Guinea-Bissau

AF

AF

gy

Guyana

LAC

LAC

hk

Hong Kong

AP

AP

hm

Heard Island and McDonald Islands

AP*

AP

hn

Honduras

LAC

LAC

hr

Croatia

EU

EU

ht

Haiti

LAC

LAC

hu

Hungary

EU

EU

id

Indonesia

AP

AP

ie

Ireland

EU

EU

il

Israel

AP

AP

im

Isle of Man

EU

EU

in

India

AP

AP

io

British Indian Ocean Territory

AP*

EU

iq

Iraq

AP

AP

ir

Iran, Islamic Republic of

AP

AP

is

Iceland

EU

EU

it

Italy

EU

EU

je

Jersey

EU*

EU

jm

Jamaica

LAC

LAC

jo

Jordan

AP

AP

jp

Japan

AP

AP

ke

Kenya

AF

AF

kg

Kyrgyzstan

AP

AP

kh

Cambodia

AP

AP

ki

Kiribati

AP

AP

km

Comoros

AF

AF

kn

Saint Kitts and Nevis

LAC

LAC

kp

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

AP

AP

kr

Korea, Republic of

AP

AP

kw

Kuwait

AP

AP

ky

Cayman Islands

LAC

EU

kz

Kazakhstan

AP

AP

la

Lao People's Democratic Republic

AP

AP

lb

Lebanon

AP

AP

lc

Saint Lucia

LAC

LAC

li

Liechtenstein

EU

EU

lk

Sri Lanka

AP

AP

lr

Liberia

AF

AF

ls

Lesotho

AF

AF

lt

Lithuania

EU

EU

lu

Luxembourg

EU

EU

lv

Latvia

EU

EU

ly

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

AF

AF

ma

Morocco

AF

AF

mc

Monaco

EU

EU

md

Moldova, Republic of

EU

EU

me

Montenegro

EU

EU

mg

Madagascar

AF

AF

mh

Marshall Islands

AP

AP

mk

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of

EU

EU

ml

Mali

AF

AF

mm

Myanmar

AP

AP

mn

Mongolia

AP

AP

mo

Macao

AP

AP

mp

Northern Mariana Islands

AP

NA

mq

Martinique

LAC

EU

mr

Mauritania

AF

AF

ms

Montserrat

LAC

EU

mt

Malta

EU

EU

mu

Mauritius

AF

AF

mv

Maldives

AP

AP

mw

Malawi

AF

AF

mx

Mexico

LAC

LAC

my

Malaysia

AP

AP

mz

Mozambique

AF

AF

na

Namibia

AF

AF

nc

New Caledonia

AP

EU

ne

Niger

AF

AF

nf

Norfolk Island

AP

AP

ng

Nigeria

AF

AF

ni

Nicaragua

LAC

LAC

nl

Netherlands

EU

EU

no

Norway

EU

EU

np

Nepal

AP

AP

nr

Nauru

AP

AP

nu

Niue

AP

AP

nz

New Zealand

AP

AP

om

Oman

AP

AP

pa

Panama

LAC

LAC

pe

Peru

LAC

LAC

pf

French Polynesia

AP

EU

pg

Papua New Guinea

AP

AP

ph

Philippines

AP

AP

pk

Pakistan

AP

AP

pl

Poland

EU

EU

pm

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

NA

EU

pn

Pitcairn

AP

EU

pr

Puerto Rico

LAC

NA

ps

Palestinian Territories

AP

AP

pt

Portugal

EU

EU

pw

Palau

AP

AP

py

Paraguay

LAC

LAC

qa

Qatar

AP

AP

re

Reunion

AF

EU

ro

Romania

EU

EU

rs

Serbia

EU

EU

ru

Russian Federation

EU

EU

rw

Rwanda

AF

AF

sa

Saudi Arabia

AP

AP

sb

Solomon Islands

AP

AP

sc

Seychelles

AF

AF

sd

Sudan

AF

AF

se

Sweden

EU

EU

sg

Singapore

AP

AP

sh

Saint Helena

AF

EU

si

Slovenia

EU

EU

sj

Svalbard and Jan Mayen

EU

EU

sk

Slovakia

EU

EU

sl

Sierra Leone

AF

AF

sm

San Marino

EU

EU

sn

Senegal

AF

AF

so

Somalia

AF

AF

sr

Suriname

LAC

LAC

st

Sao Tome and Principe

AF

AF

sv

El Salvador

LAC

LAC

sy

Syrian Arab Republic

AP

AP

sz

Swaziland

AF

AF

tc

Turks and Caicos Islands

LAC

EU

td

Chad

AF

AF

tf

French Southern Territories

AP*

EU

tg

Togo

AF

AF

th

Thailand

AP

AP

tj

Tajikistan

AP

AP

tk

Tokelau

AP

AP

tl

Timor-Leste

AP

AP

tm

Turkmenistan

AP

AP

tn

Tunisia

AF

AF

to

Tonga

AP

AP

tr

Turkey

AP

AP

tt

Trinidad and Tobago

LAC

LAC

tv

Tuvalu

AP

AP

tw

Taiwan

AP*

AP

tz

Tanzania, United Republic of

AF

AF

ua

Ukraine

EU

EU

ug

Uganda

AF

AF

uk (gb)

United Kingdom

EU

EU

um

United States Minor Outlying Islands

AP*

NA

us

United States

NA

NA

uy

Uruguay

LAC

LAC

uz

Uzbekistan

AP

AP

va

Holy See (Vatican City State)

EU

EU

vc

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

LAC

LAC

ve

Venezuela

LAC

LAC

vg

Virgin Islands, British

LAC

EU

vi

Virgin Islands, U.S.

LAC

NA

vn

Viet Nam

AP

AP

vu

Vanuatu

AP

AP

wf

Wallis And Futuna

AP

EU

ws

Samoa

AP

AP

ye

Yemen

AP

AP

yt

Mayotte

AF

EU

za

South Africa

AF

AF

zm

Zambia

AF

AF

zw

Zimbabwe

AF

AF

Note:

* Not on UNSD list; assigned to Physical Region based on other reasons.

Totals within ICANN Region:

Africa - 54
Asia/Australia/Pacific - 73
Europe - 77
Latin America/Caribbean islands - 33
North America - 8
Total — 245

Public comments invited

Comments are invited on the above proposal to update the allocation of countries and territories to the ICANN Geographic Regions. Comments may be submitted by email to geo-regions-comments@icann.org

Click here to read comments made regarding this topic

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